Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of blade width and magnetic field strength on apparent diffusion coefficient values of periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction (PROPELLER) diffusion-weighted imaging in the head and neck at 1.5 and 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: Fifteen healthy volunteers (eight men and seven women; mean age 36.4 ± 10.1 years) underwent PROPELLER diffusion-weighted imaging using four blade widths at 3.0 T and three blade widths at 1.5 T. For the multigroup comparison of apparent diffusion coefficient values, we performed analysis of variance and Tukey–Kramer tests. The apparent diffusion coefficient values in each organ were compared among the different blade widths and magnetic field strengths by a t test. Inter and intra-observer agreements regarding apparent diffusion coefficient value measurements were evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient. Results: No significant differences were observed in apparent diffusion coefficient values of the cerebellum in each blade width at both field strengths. The apparent diffusion coefficient values of the right parotid glands were significantly lower for blade width 32 than for blade width 16 at 3.0 T (1.16 × 10–3 mm2/s vs. 1.01 × 10–3 mm2/s; P < 0.05). The apparent diffusion coefficient values of bilateral parotid glands were significantly higher at 1.5 T than at 3.0 T. Intraclass correlation coefficients were almost perfect to substantial in the cerebellum, whereas they showed moderate agreement in the parotid glands. Conclusion: The largest blade width 32 at 3.0 T and high magnetic field strength lowered the apparent diffusion coefficient values of parotid glands of PROPELLER diffusion-weighted imaging. The apparent diffusion coefficient values in the parotid glands of PROPELLER diffusion-weighted imaging may be affected for blade width and magnetic field strength.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology