The conductance catheter is widely used for the continuous measurement of the left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume loops. Cyclical change of the right ventricular (RV) volume may alter the parallel conductance volume, thereby affecting the LV mechanical parameters. Using 8 open-chest adult mongrel dogs, multiple LV pressure-volume loops were obtained by 2 methods: first with a vena cava occlusion (VCO) method, which involved RV volume alteration, and second with a right-heart-bypass (RHB) preparation, which decompressed the right ventricle completely. The slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relation (Ees), the end-systolic volume associated with the end-systolic pressure of 100 mmHg (V100,es), stiffness constant (β), and the end-diastolic volume associated with the end-diastolic pressure of 9 mmHg (V9,ed) were calculated from each loop. There was minimal influence from RV volume alteration on systolic-phase indices [Ees (VCO method, 6.37±1.91 mmHg/ml; RHB preparation, 6.60±1.66 mmHg/ml; p=0.356), and V100,es (VCO method, 18.4±9.3 ml; RHB preparation, 17.8±9.0 ml; p=0.681)], but there was a significant influence on diastolic-phase indices [β (VCO method, 0.0599±0.0152; RHB preparation, 0.0839±0.0150; p=0.007), and V9,ed (VCO method, 35.6±11.3 ml; RHB preparation, 31.9±12.3 ml; p=0.001)]. The increase in the RV volume in the diastolic phase increased the parallel conductance volume, causing overestimation of the LV diastolic volume measured by the conductance catheter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine