The endothelium synthesizes and releases several vasodilator substances, including vasodilator prostaglandins, NO, and EDHF. NO-mediated relaxations are reduced by various risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolemia. However, it remains to be elucidated whether EDHF-mediated relaxations also are reduced by those factors and their combination. In this study, we addressed this point in mice. We used small mesenteric arteries from control, diabetic (streptozotocin-induced), apolipoprotein-E-deficient (ApoE-/-), and diabetic ApoE-/- mice. In control mice, endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine were largely mediated by EDHF. This EDHF-mediated component was slightly reduced in diabetic mice, preserved in ApoE-/- mice, and markedly reduced in diabetic ApoE -/- mice with an increase in NO-mediated component and a negative contribution of indomethacin-sensitive endothelium-derived contracting factor (EDCF). Endothelium-independent relaxations to sodium nitroprusside or NS1619, a direct opener of calcium-activated K channels, were attenuated in ApoE -/- and diabetic ApoE-/- mice. Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations were significantly reduced in diabetic mice, preserved in ApoE-/- mice, and again markedly reduced in diabetic ApoE -/- mice. These results indicate that hypercholesterolemia alone minimally affects the EDHF-mediated relaxations, and diabetes mellitus significantly attenuated the responses, whereas their combination markedly attenuates the responses with a compensatory involvement of NO and a negative contribution of EDCF.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine