Influence of fillers on hydrogen penetration properties and blister fracture of rubber composites for O-ring exposed to high-pressure hydrogen gas

Junichiro Yamabe, Shin Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM) and nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) composites having carbon black, silica, and no fillers were exposed to hydrogen gas at a maximum pressure of 10 MPa; then, blister tests and the measurement of hydrogen content were conducted. The hydrogen contents of the composites were proportional to the hydrogen pressure, i.e., the behavior of their hydrogen contents follows Henry's law. This implies that hydrogen penetrates into the composite as a hydrogen molecule. The addition of carbon black raised the hydrogen content of the composite, while the addition of silica did not. Based on observations, the blister damages of composites with silica were less pronounced, irrespective of the hydrogen pressures. This may be attributed to their lower hydrogen content and relatively better tensile properties than the others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1977-1989
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2009

Fingerprint

O rings
blisters
fillers
rubber
Fillers
Rubber
penetration
Hydrogen
composite materials
rings
Composite materials
hydrogen
Gases
gases
Silica
silicon dioxide
Carbon black
Henry law
carbon
tensile properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

@article{da65e616617649b4b8580d452c5c61a7,
title = "Influence of fillers on hydrogen penetration properties and blister fracture of rubber composites for O-ring exposed to high-pressure hydrogen gas",
abstract = "Ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM) and nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) composites having carbon black, silica, and no fillers were exposed to hydrogen gas at a maximum pressure of 10 MPa; then, blister tests and the measurement of hydrogen content were conducted. The hydrogen contents of the composites were proportional to the hydrogen pressure, i.e., the behavior of their hydrogen contents follows Henry's law. This implies that hydrogen penetrates into the composite as a hydrogen molecule. The addition of carbon black raised the hydrogen content of the composite, while the addition of silica did not. Based on observations, the blister damages of composites with silica were less pronounced, irrespective of the hydrogen pressures. This may be attributed to their lower hydrogen content and relatively better tensile properties than the others.",
author = "Junichiro Yamabe and Shin Nishimura",
year = "2009",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.105",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1977--1989",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of fillers on hydrogen penetration properties and blister fracture of rubber composites for O-ring exposed to high-pressure hydrogen gas

AU - Yamabe, Junichiro

AU - Nishimura, Shin

PY - 2009/2/1

Y1 - 2009/2/1

N2 - Ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM) and nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) composites having carbon black, silica, and no fillers were exposed to hydrogen gas at a maximum pressure of 10 MPa; then, blister tests and the measurement of hydrogen content were conducted. The hydrogen contents of the composites were proportional to the hydrogen pressure, i.e., the behavior of their hydrogen contents follows Henry's law. This implies that hydrogen penetrates into the composite as a hydrogen molecule. The addition of carbon black raised the hydrogen content of the composite, while the addition of silica did not. Based on observations, the blister damages of composites with silica were less pronounced, irrespective of the hydrogen pressures. This may be attributed to their lower hydrogen content and relatively better tensile properties than the others.

AB - Ethylene-propylene rubber (EPDM) and nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) composites having carbon black, silica, and no fillers were exposed to hydrogen gas at a maximum pressure of 10 MPa; then, blister tests and the measurement of hydrogen content were conducted. The hydrogen contents of the composites were proportional to the hydrogen pressure, i.e., the behavior of their hydrogen contents follows Henry's law. This implies that hydrogen penetrates into the composite as a hydrogen molecule. The addition of carbon black raised the hydrogen content of the composite, while the addition of silica did not. Based on observations, the blister damages of composites with silica were less pronounced, irrespective of the hydrogen pressures. This may be attributed to their lower hydrogen content and relatively better tensile properties than the others.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=59649090956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=59649090956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.105

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.105

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:59649090956

VL - 34

SP - 1977

EP - 1989

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 4

ER -