Influence of gas diffusion layers on PEFC performance under No-humidification using anode gas recirculation

M. Tatsumi Kitahara, Toshiaki Konomi, Hironori Nakajima, Yuji Seguchi

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Abstract

Polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) generally have external humidifiers to supply humidified hydrogen and oxidant gases. If a PEFC could be operated under no-humidification, humidifiers may be removed, resulting in a simplified PEFC system with increased total efficiency and reduced cost. The present study was carried out to clarify the influence of gas diffusion layers (GDLs) on PEFC performance under no-humidification using anode gas recirculation. For the anode GDL, it is important to increase water transport between the anode gas and the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). The anode GDL without a microporous layer (MPL) is effective for enhancing PEFC performance. For the cathode GDL, it is important to maintain humidity and prevent drying-up of the MEA. A double hydrophobic MPL coated on both sides of the GDL is effective for reducing gas permeability, thereby preventing removing the water in the MEA through the GDL via dry air at the cathode. The hydrophilic layer coated on the double MPL enhances the ability of the GDL to prevent drying-up. Appropriate hydrophilic layer thickness of 40 μm is effective for enhancing PEFC performance. Reducing the pore diameter of the hydrophobic intermediate layer between the hydrophilic layer and the substrate is also effective for enhancing PEFC performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1956-1963
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume76
Issue number771
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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