Influence of phase change phenomena on the performance of a desiccant dehumidification system

Indri Yaningsih, Agung Tri Wijayanta, Kyaw Thu, Takahiko Miyazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Demands of standalone dehumidification systems have been increasing in order to realize energy savings in air-conditioning processes. In a desiccant dehumidification system, the water vapor from the moist air undergoes a phase change phenomenon, this being from vapor to adsorbed phase, a process analogous to latent heat exchange. The energy exchange involved in such a process is often significant-up to 80% of the total energy exchange. In this study, the influence of the phase change phenomena involved in a desiccant dehumidification system was evaluated experimentally, along with the performance investigation under low desorption air temperatures of 308, 318, 328, 338, and 345 K. The system was driven by a constant adsorption temperature of 293 K. The dehumidification ability, latent heat ratio, and latent effectiveness were employed as key performance indexes. The results showed that with the increased desorption temperature, the latent heat ratio decreased, whereas the dehumidification ability and latent effectiveness increased. The highest latent heat ratio was found to be 0.61 at the desorption temperature of 308 K, whereas the highest latent effectiveness was obtained at the desorption temperature of 345 K. A suitable temperature for the effective and efficient dehumidification was observed to be 318 K for the current system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number868
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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