Influence of potassium permanganate on the anisotropic growth and enhanced UV emission of ZnO nanostructures using hydrothermal process for optoelectronic applications

Tejendra Dixit, Anubha Bilgaiyan, I. A. Palani, Daisuke Nakamura, T. Okada, Vipul Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The effect of in situ addition of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) in controlling morphology, composition, structural and optical properties of the ZnO nanostructures prepared by hydrothermal technique has been investigated. The influence of synthesis conditions on the growth of ZnO nanorods was meticulously studied by field-emission scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM. It is demonstrated that the KMnO4 concentration has great influence on the morphology and on the alignment of ZnO nanorods. Further the optical properties of nanostructures were investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The PL spectrum divulged a continuous suppression of defect-related broadband emission by increasing the concentration of the KMnO4, which produced the quenching of surface defects present in the nanorods. The intensity ratio of the peaks corresponding to near-band emission (NBE) to that of deep-level emission of the KMnO4-modified ZnO nanorods was found to increase by eightfold of magnitude. Further it must be noted that nearly 17-fold enhancement in the PL emission of the peak corresponding to NBE was observed in KMnO4-modified ZnO compared to the ZnO grown without any additive. The I–V plot showed dependence of current values under dark and illumination over the amount of KMnO4 added during the growth stage. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-702
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 23 2015

Fingerprint

Potassium Permanganate
Nanorods
Optoelectronic devices
Potassium
Nanostructures
potassium
nanorods
Photoluminescence
photoluminescence
Optical properties
Photoluminescence spectroscopy
Surface defects
Diffractometers
optical properties
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
Field emission
Structural properties
Quenching
surface defects

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Influence of potassium permanganate on the anisotropic growth and enhanced UV emission of ZnO nanostructures using hydrothermal process for optoelectronic applications. / Dixit, Tejendra; Bilgaiyan, Anubha; Palani, I. A.; Nakamura, Daisuke; Okada, T.; Singh, Vipul.

In: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, Vol. 75, No. 3, 23.09.2015, p. 693-702.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Abstract: The effect of in situ addition of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) in controlling morphology, composition, structural and optical properties of the ZnO nanostructures prepared by hydrothermal technique has been investigated. The influence of synthesis conditions on the growth of ZnO nanorods was meticulously studied by field-emission scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM. It is demonstrated that the KMnO4 concentration has great influence on the morphology and on the alignment of ZnO nanorods. Further the optical properties of nanostructures were investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The PL spectrum divulged a continuous suppression of defect-related broadband emission by increasing the concentration of the KMnO4, which produced the quenching of surface defects present in the nanorods. The intensity ratio of the peaks corresponding to near-band emission (NBE) to that of deep-level emission of the KMnO4-modified ZnO nanorods was found to increase by eightfold of magnitude. Further it must be noted that nearly 17-fold enhancement in the PL emission of the peak corresponding to NBE was observed in KMnO4-modified ZnO compared to the ZnO grown without any additive. The I–V plot showed dependence of current values under dark and illumination over the amount of KMnO4 added during the growth stage. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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