The influence of pressing speed in equal-channel angular (ECA) pressing was investigated using samples of pure Al and an Al-1 pct Mg alloy and a range of pressing speeds from approx. 10-2 to approx. 10 mm s-1. The results show that the speed of pressing has no significant influence on the equilibrium grain size, at least over the range used in these experiments. Thus, the equilibrium grain sizes were approx. 1.2 μm for pure Al and approx. 0.5 μm for the Al-1 pct Mg alloy for all pressing conditions. However, it is shown that the nature of the microstructure is dependent on the pressing speed, because recovery occurs more easily at the slower speeds, so that the microstructure is then more equilibrated. There is also indirect evidence for the advent of frictional effects when the cross-sectional dimensions of the samples are at or below approx. 5 mm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys