Submicrometer spherical particles (SMSPs) are reported to be fabricated by pulsed laser irradiation with a frequency of 10 or 30 Hz onto raw nanoparticles dispersed in liquid. Here, the effect of the pulse frequency on particles obtained by laser irradiation onto the suspension in a vessel, especially at higher pulse frequencies up to 800 Hz, is investigated. At 200 Hz or lower, SMSPs of similar size can be fabricated, as at 10 or 30 Hz, by the same number of pulses. This indicates that the time required for particle fabrication can be greatly reduced and production efficiency can be improved using a high-frequency laser. In contrast, at 400 Hz or above, nanospherical particles (NSPs) are formed in addition to SMSPs, and the mass fraction of SMSPs is drastically decreased. This result suggests that consecutive laser pulse irradiation induces heat accumulation in particles and suspensions, resulting in a temperature increase and partial evaporation of the particles at 400 Hz or above. From the temperature increase of the suspension, the local temperature of the liquid surrounding the particles is believed to be increased by heat dissipation from the heated particles. Calculations suggest that an increase in the local liquid temperature would cause further heating of the particles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films