Influence of the pre-dispersion of montmorillonite on organic modification and the adsorption of perchlorate and methyl red anions

Wuhui Luo, Keiko Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Hirajima

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, hexadecyl pyridinium chloride (HDPy-Cl) was applied to modify powdery and dispersed montmorillonite (pMt and dMt, respectively). Then, perchlorate (ClO4 ) and methyl red (MR) were selected as representatives of hazardous inorganic and organic pollutants, respectively, to investigate the influence of the dispersion of Mt on their adsorption using the obtained composites (pMt/HDPy and dMt/HDPy). Based on the X-ray diffraction patterns and water chemistry results, pre-dispersion of Mt resulted in a lower crystallinity of the obtained composite with slightly higher contents of HDPy+ (0.93 mmol/g-Mt) and HDPy-Cl (1.41 mmol/g-Mt) compared to the original powdery Mt (0.85 and 1.36 mmol/g-Mt). Moreover, as supported by thermogravimetry results, the amount of HDPy distributed on the external surface of dMt/HDPy was greater than that on pMt/HDPy, which was opposite of the HDPy content in the interlayer space. The adsorption kinetic of ClO4 and MR on two composites was studied and the results were fitted by three models, where the intra-particle diffusion model fitted the experimental data best. Similar adsorption capacities were obtained, and the slight differences in the adsorption kinetics as supported by the intra-particle diffusion model were ascribed to the differences in the HDPy contents and configuration. The pre-dispersion of Mt is not necessary when a modified composite is planned for use as an adsorbent of pollutants, but it would be beneficial to the synthesis of clay/polymer nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2018

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Bentonite
perchlorate
montmorillonite
Anions
anion
adsorption
Adsorption
Composite materials
Chlorides
chloride
kinetics
thermogravimetry
Kinetics
Organic pollutants
crystallinity
organic pollutant
water chemistry
Adsorbents
Diffraction patterns
Thermogravimetric analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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Influence of the pre-dispersion of montmorillonite on organic modification and the adsorption of perchlorate and methyl red anions. / Luo, Wuhui; Sasaki, Keiko; Hirajima, Tsuyoshi.

In: Applied Clay Science, Vol. 154, 15.03.2018, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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