Influences of microporous layer design parameters for gas diffusion layer on permeability and PEFC performance

Tatsumi Kitahara, Toshiaki Konomi, Hironori Nakajima, Masato Kazama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). However, the appropriate pore diameter, thickness and hydrophobicity of the MPL remain unclear. In the present study, the influences of MPL design parameters on permeability and PEFC performance were evaluated. A decrease in the pore diameter of the MPL reduces through-plane permeability significantly, but reduces in-plane permeability only slightly. Under high-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing flooding, enhancing the PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter becomes too small, the PEFC performance tends to decrease. Reducing the MPL thickness improves in-plane permeability, enhancing the ability of the MPL to avoid flooding. Under low-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing drying-out of the MEA. Increasing the MPL thickness is also effective for maintaining the humidity of the MEA. However, when the MPL thickness becomes too large, the transport of oxygen to the electrode through the GDL is deteriorated, lowering the PEFC performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1524-1531
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume75
Issue number755
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

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gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
fuel cells
Fuel cells
permeability
Electrolytes
electrolytes
polymers
Polymers
Atmospheric humidity
porosity
Water management
humidity
Hydrophobicity
Drying
Electrodes
Oxygen
water management
hydrophobicity
drying

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). However, the appropriate pore diameter, thickness and hydrophobicity of the MPL remain unclear. In the present study, the influences of MPL design parameters on permeability and PEFC performance were evaluated. A decrease in the pore diameter of the MPL reduces through-plane permeability significantly, but reduces in-plane permeability only slightly. Under high-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing flooding, enhancing the PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter becomes too small, the PEFC performance tends to decrease. Reducing the MPL thickness improves in-plane permeability, enhancing the ability of the MPL to avoid flooding. Under low-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing drying-out of the MEA. Increasing the MPL thickness is also effective for maintaining the humidity of the MEA. However, when the MPL thickness becomes too large, the transport of oxygen to the electrode through the GDL is deteriorated, lowering the PEFC performance.",
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AU - Kazama, Masato

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AB - Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). However, the appropriate pore diameter, thickness and hydrophobicity of the MPL remain unclear. In the present study, the influences of MPL design parameters on permeability and PEFC performance were evaluated. A decrease in the pore diameter of the MPL reduces through-plane permeability significantly, but reduces in-plane permeability only slightly. Under high-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing flooding, enhancing the PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter becomes too small, the PEFC performance tends to decrease. Reducing the MPL thickness improves in-plane permeability, enhancing the ability of the MPL to avoid flooding. Under low-humidity conditions, a decrease in the MPL pore diameter is effective for preventing drying-out of the MEA. Increasing the MPL thickness is also effective for maintaining the humidity of the MEA. However, when the MPL thickness becomes too large, the transport of oxygen to the electrode through the GDL is deteriorated, lowering the PEFC performance.

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