Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of point-spread function (PSF) and time-of-flight (TOF) on the standardized uptake value (SUV) of lymph node metastasis in FDG-PET/CT. Materials and methods This study evaluated 41 lymph node metastases in 15 patients who had undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT. The lesion diameters were 2.5 cm or less. The mean short-axis diameter of the lymph nodes was 10.5 ± 3.7 mm (range 4.6-22.8 mm). The PET data were reconstructed with baseline OSEM algorithm, with OSEM + PSF, with OSEM + TOF and with OSEM + PSF + TOF. A semi-quantitative analysis was performed using the maximum and mean SUV of lymph node metastases (SUV max and SUVmean) and mean SUV of normal lung tissue (SUVlung). We also evaluated image quality using the signal-to-noise ratio in the liver (SNRliver). Results Both PSF and TOF increased the SUV of lymph node metastases. The combination of PSF and TOF increased the SUVmax by 43.3% and the SUVmean by 31.6% compared with conventional OSEM. By contrast, the SUVlung was not influenced by PSF and TOF. TOF significantly improved the SNRliver. Conclusion PSF and TOF both increased the SUV of lymph node metastases. Although PSF and TOF are considered to improve small-lesion detectability, it is important to be aware that PSF and TOF influence the accuracy of quantitative measurements.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging