Influences of taper geometry modified oil-grooves on load carrying capacity of crosshead bearings

Tatsumi Kitahara, Masaru Otsubo, Daisuke Nakahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The crosshead bearing in large two-stroke diesel engines operates under severe lubrication conditions, because the bearing oscillates within a small angle at a low speed and is always subject to a high downward load. The recent trend towards more compact engines with increased output raises the bearing specific load, thereby causing the lubrication severity to increase significantly. Thus it is very important to improve the load carrying capacity of the crosshead bearing. In the present study, experiments using a dynamically loaded bearing seizure test apparatus were carried out to clarify the influences of the clearance ratio and the oil-groove geometry on the load carrying capacity. The electrical resistance of the oil film was also measured to evaluate the extent of the oil film formation. The major results are : (1) A decrease in the clearance ratio is effective in enhancing squeeze action on the entirety of the bearing pads, thereby improving the load carrying capacity. When the clearance ratio becomes too low, however, the ability to form an adequate wedge film is degraded, causing the load carrying capacity to decrease, (2) Because incorporating the taper geometry on both sides of the oil-groove promotes a thicker oil film, a significant improvement in the load carrying capacity can be expected ; and (3) The maximum load carrying capacity is achieved by the taper geometry of a subtended length of 5 degrees and a taper angle of 0.1 degree.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1108
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume71
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2005

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Bearings (structural)
Load limits
Geometry
Lubrication
Bridge clearances
Seizing
Bearing pads
Acoustic impedance
Diesel engines
Oils
Engines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The crosshead bearing in large two-stroke diesel engines operates under severe lubrication conditions, because the bearing oscillates within a small angle at a low speed and is always subject to a high downward load. The recent trend towards more compact engines with increased output raises the bearing specific load, thereby causing the lubrication severity to increase significantly. Thus it is very important to improve the load carrying capacity of the crosshead bearing. In the present study, experiments using a dynamically loaded bearing seizure test apparatus were carried out to clarify the influences of the clearance ratio and the oil-groove geometry on the load carrying capacity. The electrical resistance of the oil film was also measured to evaluate the extent of the oil film formation. The major results are : (1) A decrease in the clearance ratio is effective in enhancing squeeze action on the entirety of the bearing pads, thereby improving the load carrying capacity. When the clearance ratio becomes too low, however, the ability to form an adequate wedge film is degraded, causing the load carrying capacity to decrease, (2) Because incorporating the taper geometry on both sides of the oil-groove promotes a thicker oil film, a significant improvement in the load carrying capacity can be expected ; and (3) The maximum load carrying capacity is achieved by the taper geometry of a subtended length of 5 degrees and a taper angle of 0.1 degree.",
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AB - The crosshead bearing in large two-stroke diesel engines operates under severe lubrication conditions, because the bearing oscillates within a small angle at a low speed and is always subject to a high downward load. The recent trend towards more compact engines with increased output raises the bearing specific load, thereby causing the lubrication severity to increase significantly. Thus it is very important to improve the load carrying capacity of the crosshead bearing. In the present study, experiments using a dynamically loaded bearing seizure test apparatus were carried out to clarify the influences of the clearance ratio and the oil-groove geometry on the load carrying capacity. The electrical resistance of the oil film was also measured to evaluate the extent of the oil film formation. The major results are : (1) A decrease in the clearance ratio is effective in enhancing squeeze action on the entirety of the bearing pads, thereby improving the load carrying capacity. When the clearance ratio becomes too low, however, the ability to form an adequate wedge film is degraded, causing the load carrying capacity to decrease, (2) Because incorporating the taper geometry on both sides of the oil-groove promotes a thicker oil film, a significant improvement in the load carrying capacity can be expected ; and (3) The maximum load carrying capacity is achieved by the taper geometry of a subtended length of 5 degrees and a taper angle of 0.1 degree.

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