The authors have clarified that trace impurities such as water and oxygen inevitably contained in a hydrogen environment influence friction and wear of metallic materials substantially and even often govern them. In this study, an experimental technique was devised to enable sliding tests in a hydrogen environment which contains controlled concentration of water and virtually no oxygen as impurities. By comparing data of Fe sliding tests between this study and our previous studies, the influences of water and oxygen were understood separately. Water without oxygen as impurity in a hydrogen environment decreased wear of pure Fe while oxygen in additional to water increased the wear. Sliding of pure Fe consumed water when a hydrogen environment contained only water while it produced water and consumed oxygen when the environment contained both water and oxygen. The number of water molecules consumed by sliding in a hydrogen environment with water more than 5,000 ppb and without oxygen was larger than the estimated number of nascent Fe atoms by sliding. This suggests that multi-layer adsorption of water molecules decreased the wear of pure Fe.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films