Infrared spectroscopic and computational studies of Co(ClO4)2 dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). Vibrations of DMF influenced by Co2+ or ClO4 or both

Kazuhiko Ohashi, Hayato Takeshita

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Infrared (IR) spectroscopy for N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) shows that the OCN bend (δOCN) and the CO stretch (νCO) vibrations undergo an upshift and a downshift, respectively, on the dissolution of Co(ClO4)2. Quantum chemical calculations are performed for optimizing the structures and predicting the IR spectra of model complexes for solute species. The calculations reveal that Co2+ exerts a much larger influence than ClO4 on the vibrations of DMF. For Co2+(DMF)6, in which each DMF molecule is coordinated to Co2+ via the O atom, the Co2+⋯DMF interaction upshifts the δOCN frequencies (+24 cm−1 on average) while the dipole coupling gives rise to splitting (12 cm−1) of the modes. On the other hand, the Co2+⋯DMF interaction downshifts the νCO frequencies (−15 cm−1 on average) while the splitting of the modes amounts to 37 cm−1. As a result, one of the νCO modes is located at an upshifted position (+13 cm−1) despite the O-atom coordination. For six-coordinated isomers of Co2+(DMF)7, the δOCN and νCO frequencies of the second-sphere DMF are close to those of bulk DMF in neat liquid. The calculations indicate that it is difficult to prove or exclude the formation of contact ion pairs [Co(DMF)5ClO4]+ and solvent-shared ion pairs [Co(DMF)6ClO4]+ by IR spectroscopy in the δOCN and νCO regions. However, asymmetric ClO stretches of the ClO4 moiety suggest that conceivable is the coexistence of solvent-shared ion pairs only.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119289
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


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