Inhibition of Glucose Transport by Tomatoside A, a Tomato Seed Steroidal Saponin, through the Suppression of GLUT2 Expression in Caco-2 Cells

Baorui Li, Yusuke Terazono, Naoto Hirasaki, Yuki Tatemichi, Emiko Kinoshita, Akio Obata, Toshiro Matsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We investigated whether tomatoside A (5α-furostane-3β,22,26-triol-3-[O-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→2)-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→4)-β-d-galactopyranoside] 26-O-β-d-glucopyranoside), a tomato seed saponin, may play a role in the regulation of intestinal glucose transport in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. Tomatoside A could not penetrate through Caco-2 cell monolayers, as observed in the transport experiments using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The treatment of cells with 10 μM tomatoside A for 3 h resulted in a 46.0% reduction in glucose transport as compared to untreated cells. Western blotting analyses revealed that tomatoside A significantly (p < 0.05) suppressed the expression of glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in Caco-2 cells, while no change in the expression of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 was observed. In glucose transport experiments, the reduced glucose transport by tomatoside A was ameliorated by a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor and a multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) inhibitor. The tomatoside A-induced reduction in glucose transport was restored in cells treated with apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) siRNA or an ASBT antagonist. These findings demonstrated for the first time that the nontransportable tomato seed steroidal saponin, tomatoside A, suppressed GLUT2 expression via PKC signaling pathway during the ASBT-influx/MRP2-efflux process in Caco-2 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1428-1434
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 2018

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steroid saponins
glucose transporters
Caco-2 Cells
Facilitative Glucose Transport Proteins
Saponins
Lycopersicon esculentum
Seed
Seeds
tomatoes
Glucose
glucose
seeds
bile acids
sodium
transporters
cells
multiple drug resistance
protein kinase C
Protein Kinase C
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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Inhibition of Glucose Transport by Tomatoside A, a Tomato Seed Steroidal Saponin, through the Suppression of GLUT2 Expression in Caco-2 Cells. / Li, Baorui; Terazono, Yusuke; Hirasaki, Naoto; Tatemichi, Yuki; Kinoshita, Emiko; Obata, Akio; Matsui, Toshiro.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 66, No. 6, 14.02.2018, p. 1428-1434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Baorui ; Terazono, Yusuke ; Hirasaki, Naoto ; Tatemichi, Yuki ; Kinoshita, Emiko ; Obata, Akio ; Matsui, Toshiro. / Inhibition of Glucose Transport by Tomatoside A, a Tomato Seed Steroidal Saponin, through the Suppression of GLUT2 Expression in Caco-2 Cells. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 66, No. 6. pp. 1428-1434.
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abstract = "We investigated whether tomatoside A (5α-furostane-3β,22,26-triol-3-[O-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→2)-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1→4)-β-d-galactopyranoside] 26-O-β-d-glucopyranoside), a tomato seed saponin, may play a role in the regulation of intestinal glucose transport in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. Tomatoside A could not penetrate through Caco-2 cell monolayers, as observed in the transport experiments using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The treatment of cells with 10 μM tomatoside A for 3 h resulted in a 46.0{\%} reduction in glucose transport as compared to untreated cells. Western blotting analyses revealed that tomatoside A significantly (p < 0.05) suppressed the expression of glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in Caco-2 cells, while no change in the expression of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 was observed. In glucose transport experiments, the reduced glucose transport by tomatoside A was ameliorated by a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor and a multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) inhibitor. The tomatoside A-induced reduction in glucose transport was restored in cells treated with apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) siRNA or an ASBT antagonist. These findings demonstrated for the first time that the nontransportable tomato seed steroidal saponin, tomatoside A, suppressed GLUT2 expression via PKC signaling pathway during the ASBT-influx/MRP2-efflux process in Caco-2 cells.",
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AU - Hirasaki, Naoto

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AU - Matsui, Toshiro

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