Inhibition of subduction thrust earthquakes by low-temperature plastic flow in serpentine

Ken Ichi Hirauchi, Ikuo Katayama, Seiichiro Uehara, Masaaki Miyahara, Yasuhiro Takai

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serpentine is considered a candidate hydrous mineral in explaining aseismic zones along faults; however, recent frictional experiments have shown a marked increase in its shear strength with increasing depth, implying its deformation via unstable sliding at a plate interface in subduction zones. Here we report the results of a series of simple-shear experiments designed to determine the dominant deformation style of low-temperature serpentine species under P-T conditions that correspond to the mantle wedge corner in cool subduction zones (ca. P=1GPa and T=200°C). We found that with increasing shear strain, the dominant flow mechanism of the serpentinite evolves from (1) inhomogeneous semi-brittle flow by strain localization into sample-scale shear bands to (2) homogeneous ductile flow by intracrystalline deformation within individual serpentine grains, with the development of a planar shape fabric and a strong crystallographic-preferred orientation. TEM observations revealed that grain size reduction in lizardite crystals occurs due to (001) interlayer glide, represented by the occurrence of tiny sheet-like sectors oriented parallel to (001)liz lattice fringes, which evolved from large, elongated sectors with long axes oriented normal to (001)liz. Given that a low-viscosity serpentinized layer upon a subducting plate interface produces strain localization within the layer and subsequent large bulk shear strains, the above results indicate that the presence of low-temperature serpentine species at the plate interface in cool subduction zones inhibits the initiation of subduction thrust earthquakes, as stress is preferentially accommodated by plastic flow. This hypothesis explains the occurrence of an anomalous non-seismic region (devoid of large thrust earthquakes) in locally hydrated forearc mantle within northeast Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume295
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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