Inhibition of T-Cells by cyclosporine a reduces macrophage accumulation to regulate venous adaptive remodeling and increase arteriovenous fistula maturation

Yutaka Matsubara, Gathe Kiwan, Jia Liu, Luis Gonzalez, John Langford, Mingjie Gao, Xixiang Gao, Ryosuke Taniguchi, Bogdan Yatsula, Tadashi Furuyama, takuya matsumoto, Kimihiro Komori, Alan Dardik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) are the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis, but the primary success rate of AVF remains poor. Successful AVF maturation requires vascular wall thickening and outward remodeling. A key factor determining successful AVF maturation is inflammation that is characterized by accumulation of both T-cells and macrophages. We have previously shown that anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages are critically important for vascular wall thickening during venous remodeling; therefore, regulation of macrophage accumulation may be an important mechanism promoting AVF maturation. Since CD4+ T-cells such as T-helper type 1 cells, T-helper type 2 cells, and regulatory T-cells can induce macrophage migration, proliferation, and polarization, we hypothesized that CD4+ T-cells regulate macrophage accumulation to promote AVF maturation. Approach and Results: In a mouse aortocaval fistula model, T-cells temporally precede macrophages in the remodeling AVF wall. CsA (cyclosporine A; 5 mg/kg, sq, daily) or vehicle (5% dimethyl sulfoxide) was administered to inhibit T-cell function during venous remodeling. CsA reduced the numbers of T-helper type 1 cells, T-helper type 2, and regulatory T-cells, as well as M1- and M2-macrophage accumulation in the wall of the remodeling fistula; these effects were associated with reduced vascular wall thickening and increased outward remodeling in wild-type mice. However, these effects were eliminated in nude mice, showing that the effects of CsA on macrophage accumulation and adaptive venous remodeling are T-cell-dependent. Conclusions: T-cells regulate macrophage accumulation in the maturing venous wall to control adaptive remodeling. Regulation of T-cells during AVF maturation may be a strategy that can improve AVF maturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E160-E174
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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