Rationale: Atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP, respectively) exert antihypertrophic effects in the heart via their common receptor, guanylyl cyclase (GC)-A, which catalyzes the synthesis of cGMP, leading to activation of protein kinase (PK)G. Still, much of the network of molecular mediators via which ANP/BNP-GC-A signaling inhibit cardiac hypertrophy remains to be characterized. Objective: We investigated the effect of ANP-GC-A signaling on transient receptor potential subfamily C (TRPC)6, a receptor-operated Ca channel known to positively regulate prohypertrophic calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling. Methods and results: In cardiac myocytes, ANP induced phosphorylation of TRPC6 at threonine 69, the PKG phosphorylation site, and significantly inhibited agonist-evoked NFAT activation and Ca2+ influx, whereas in HEK293 cells, it dramatically inhibited agonist-evoked TRPC6 channel activity. These inhibitory effects of ANP were abolished in the presence of specific PKG inhibitors or by substituting an alanine for threonine 69 in TRPC6. In model mice lacking GC-A, the calcineurin-NFAT pathway is constitutively activated, and BTP2, a selective TRPC channel blocker, significantly attenuated the cardiac hypertrophy otherwise seen. Conversely, overexpression of TRPC6 in mice lacking GC-A exacerbated cardiac hypertrophy. BTP2 also significantly inhibited angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice. Conclusions: Collectively, these findings suggest that TRPC6 is a critical target of antihypertrophic effects elicited via the cardiac ANP/BNP-GC-A pathway and suggest TRPC6 blockade could be an effective therapeutic strategy for preventing pathological cardiac remodeling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine