## Abstract

We investigate the instability of charged massive scalar fields in Kerr-Newman spacetime. Due to the super-radiant effect of the background geometry, the bound state of the scalar field is unstable, and its amplitude grows in time. By solving the Klein-Gordon equation of the scalar field as an eigenvalue problem, we numerically obtain the growth rate of the amplitude of the scalar field. Although the dependence of the scalar field mass and the scalar field charge on this growth rate agrees with the result of the analytic approximation, the maximum value of the growth rate is three times larger than that of the analytic approximation. We also discuss the effect of the electric charge on the instability of the scalar field.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 983-995 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Progress of Theoretical Physics |

Volume | 112 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Dec 2004 |

Externally published | Yes |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)