Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease: The Hisayama study

Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Tomoko Shirota, Kazuhiro Uchida, Koji Yonemoto, Yutaka Kiyohara, Mitsuo Iida, Toshiyuki Saito, Yoshihisa Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A previous study showed the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis, but the types of dairy products that confer a benefit on periodontal health status have not been determined. Methods: We analyzed 942 subjects aged 40 to 79 years as part of a comprehensive health examination of Hisayama Town, Fukuoka, Japan. Probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were used as the periodontal parameters. The dietary survey was conducted using a semiquantitative food frequency method. We examined the relationship between the intake of dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and lactic acid foods (yogurt and lactic acid drinks), and periodontal condition. Results: The daily intake of lactic acid foods in subjects with generalized deep PD or severe CAL was significantly lower than that in subjects with localized deep PD or slight CAL. In multivariate linear regression analysis, the increased intake of lactic acid foods was associated significantly with lower mean PD (P= 0.002) and lower mean CAL (P= 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the subjects eating ≥55 g lactic acid foods per day had a significantly lower prevalence of deep PD and severe CAL compared to those not eating these foods after adjusting for confounding variables; the odds ratios for generalized deep PD and severe CAL were 0.40 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23 to 0.70) and 0.50 (95% CI: 0.29 to 0.87), respectively. Conclusion: The routine intake of lactic acid foods may have a beneficial effect on periodontal disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Dairy Products
Periodontal Diseases
Lactic Acid
Food
Eating
Regression Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Yogurt
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Periodontitis
Cheese
Health Status
Linear Models
Japan
Milk
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Shimazaki, Y., Shirota, T., Uchida, K., Yonemoto, K., Kiyohara, Y., Iida, M., ... Yamashita, Y. (2008). Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease: The Hisayama study. Journal of periodontology, 79(1), 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2008.070202

Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease : The Hisayama study. / Shimazaki, Yoshihiro; Shirota, Tomoko; Uchida, Kazuhiro; Yonemoto, Koji; Kiyohara, Yutaka; Iida, Mitsuo; Saito, Toshiyuki; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

In: Journal of periodontology, Vol. 79, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 131-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shimazaki, Y, Shirota, T, Uchida, K, Yonemoto, K, Kiyohara, Y, Iida, M, Saito, T & Yamashita, Y 2008, 'Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease: The Hisayama study', Journal of periodontology, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2008.070202
Shimazaki Y, Shirota T, Uchida K, Yonemoto K, Kiyohara Y, Iida M et al. Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease: The Hisayama study. Journal of periodontology. 2008 Jan 1;79(1):131-137. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2008.070202
Shimazaki, Yoshihiro ; Shirota, Tomoko ; Uchida, Kazuhiro ; Yonemoto, Koji ; Kiyohara, Yutaka ; Iida, Mitsuo ; Saito, Toshiyuki ; Yamashita, Yoshihisa. / Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease : The Hisayama study. In: Journal of periodontology. 2008 ; Vol. 79, No. 1. pp. 131-137.
@article{d5bf002bcc804bc29c414821999b7cbe,
title = "Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease: The Hisayama study",
abstract = "Background: A previous study showed the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis, but the types of dairy products that confer a benefit on periodontal health status have not been determined. Methods: We analyzed 942 subjects aged 40 to 79 years as part of a comprehensive health examination of Hisayama Town, Fukuoka, Japan. Probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were used as the periodontal parameters. The dietary survey was conducted using a semiquantitative food frequency method. We examined the relationship between the intake of dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and lactic acid foods (yogurt and lactic acid drinks), and periodontal condition. Results: The daily intake of lactic acid foods in subjects with generalized deep PD or severe CAL was significantly lower than that in subjects with localized deep PD or slight CAL. In multivariate linear regression analysis, the increased intake of lactic acid foods was associated significantly with lower mean PD (P= 0.002) and lower mean CAL (P= 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the subjects eating ≥55 g lactic acid foods per day had a significantly lower prevalence of deep PD and severe CAL compared to those not eating these foods after adjusting for confounding variables; the odds ratios for generalized deep PD and severe CAL were 0.40 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.23 to 0.70) and 0.50 (95{\%} CI: 0.29 to 0.87), respectively. Conclusion: The routine intake of lactic acid foods may have a beneficial effect on periodontal disease.",
author = "Yoshihiro Shimazaki and Tomoko Shirota and Kazuhiro Uchida and Koji Yonemoto and Yutaka Kiyohara and Mitsuo Iida and Toshiyuki Saito and Yoshihisa Yamashita",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1902/jop.2008.070202",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "131--137",
journal = "Journal of Periodontology",
issn = "0022-3492",
publisher = "American Academy of Periodontology",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intake of dairy products and periodontal disease

T2 - The Hisayama study

AU - Shimazaki, Yoshihiro

AU - Shirota, Tomoko

AU - Uchida, Kazuhiro

AU - Yonemoto, Koji

AU - Kiyohara, Yutaka

AU - Iida, Mitsuo

AU - Saito, Toshiyuki

AU - Yamashita, Yoshihisa

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Background: A previous study showed the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis, but the types of dairy products that confer a benefit on periodontal health status have not been determined. Methods: We analyzed 942 subjects aged 40 to 79 years as part of a comprehensive health examination of Hisayama Town, Fukuoka, Japan. Probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were used as the periodontal parameters. The dietary survey was conducted using a semiquantitative food frequency method. We examined the relationship between the intake of dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and lactic acid foods (yogurt and lactic acid drinks), and periodontal condition. Results: The daily intake of lactic acid foods in subjects with generalized deep PD or severe CAL was significantly lower than that in subjects with localized deep PD or slight CAL. In multivariate linear regression analysis, the increased intake of lactic acid foods was associated significantly with lower mean PD (P= 0.002) and lower mean CAL (P= 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the subjects eating ≥55 g lactic acid foods per day had a significantly lower prevalence of deep PD and severe CAL compared to those not eating these foods after adjusting for confounding variables; the odds ratios for generalized deep PD and severe CAL were 0.40 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23 to 0.70) and 0.50 (95% CI: 0.29 to 0.87), respectively. Conclusion: The routine intake of lactic acid foods may have a beneficial effect on periodontal disease.

AB - Background: A previous study showed the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis, but the types of dairy products that confer a benefit on periodontal health status have not been determined. Methods: We analyzed 942 subjects aged 40 to 79 years as part of a comprehensive health examination of Hisayama Town, Fukuoka, Japan. Probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were used as the periodontal parameters. The dietary survey was conducted using a semiquantitative food frequency method. We examined the relationship between the intake of dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and lactic acid foods (yogurt and lactic acid drinks), and periodontal condition. Results: The daily intake of lactic acid foods in subjects with generalized deep PD or severe CAL was significantly lower than that in subjects with localized deep PD or slight CAL. In multivariate linear regression analysis, the increased intake of lactic acid foods was associated significantly with lower mean PD (P= 0.002) and lower mean CAL (P= 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the subjects eating ≥55 g lactic acid foods per day had a significantly lower prevalence of deep PD and severe CAL compared to those not eating these foods after adjusting for confounding variables; the odds ratios for generalized deep PD and severe CAL were 0.40 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.23 to 0.70) and 0.50 (95% CI: 0.29 to 0.87), respectively. Conclusion: The routine intake of lactic acid foods may have a beneficial effect on periodontal disease.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38549176912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38549176912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1902/jop.2008.070202

DO - 10.1902/jop.2008.070202

M3 - Article

C2 - 18166102

AN - SCOPUS:38549176912

VL - 79

SP - 131

EP - 137

JO - Journal of Periodontology

JF - Journal of Periodontology

SN - 0022-3492

IS - 1

ER -