Interaction effects of in-hospital rehabilitation and the use of community-based services after hospital discharge on patients' subsequent functional abilities

Hidetoshi Shibuta, Takeru Abe, Hidekazu Miyamoto, Akihito Hagihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Patients' functional abilities after hospital discharge are influenced by rehabilitation during their hospital stay and their use of community-based services after hospital discharge. This study examined the interaction between rehabilitation during hospital stay, the use of communitybased rehabilitation and non-rehabilitation services and their influence on patients' subsequent functional abilities. Methods: This cohort study included 509 inpatients who underwent rehabilitation between 2008 and 2011 in Japan. Participants were categorized into 2 groups based on their condition: stroke and other. Interaction effects between the change in Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the use of community-based rehabilitation and non-rehabilitation services on patients' subsequent functional abilities were estimated by sequential linear regression analyses in which the dependent variable was the FIM score 3 months after hospital discharge. Results: A significant interaction between the change in FIM and the use of community-based rehabilitation or non-rehabilitation services after hospital discharge was observed among stroke and other patients. Conclusion: Rehabilitation during hospital stay and the use of community-based rehabilitation or non-rehabilitation services interacted to influence the subsequent functional abilities of patients discharged home. These findings may be useful for maintaining patients' functional abilities after hospital discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-315
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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