Phenylalanine at position 2 of thrombin receptor-tethered ligand peptide (SFLLRNP) is crucially important for the activation of thrombin receptor. Its substitution by para-fluorophenylalanine [(p-F)Phe] enhanced several times the activity in human epithelial-like SH-EP cells. To clarify the interaction mode of Phe-2-phenyl in receptor activation, a series of analogs having chemical modifications on the benzene ring of Phe-2 were synthesized and examined for their ability to induce the aggregation of human platelets. When the fluorine atom was placed at the meta or ortho position, the resulting analogs exhibited considerably diminished activity (about 10-20% of para-derivative), indicating that the substitution is allowed only at the para position. The derivative with pentafluorophenylalanine was totally devoid of activity. These results suggested that Phe-2 requires hydrogen atom(s) on the benzene ring presumably for interaction with the receptor. No activity enhancement was observed for analogs with para-chloro-, bromo-, or iodophenylalanine, indicating the importance of the high electronegativity of fluorine to intensify the dipole of CH(s) remaining in the Phe-2-benzene ring. Inactivity of analogs having para-iodophenylalanine and homophenylalanine indicated the importance of the size of para substituents, and the placement of hydroxyl, nitro, and trifluoromethyl groups at the para position led to no activity. The interaction of Phe-2 of SFLLRNP appeared to be structurally restricted to a limited space in the receptor. The results suggested the presence of face-to-edge π-π interaction based upon the CH/π interaction between the ligand Phe-2-phenyl group and the receptor aromatic group.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology