Interaction of calmodulin with troponin I and the troponin-tropomyosin-actin complex. Effect of Ca2+ or Sr2+ ions

Kazuhiko Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, K. Nunoi, M. Fujishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to elucidate the mechanism of calmodulin regulation of muscle contraction, we investigated the interaction between calmodulin and troponin components in the presence of Ca2+ or Sr2+ by the use of ultracentrifugation methods and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. Skeletal-muscle troponin C bound to troponin I and dissociated it from the tropomyosin-actin complex in the presence of Ca2+ or Sr2+. When troponin T was absent, calmodulin bound to troponin I and dissociated it from the tropomyosin-actin complex in the presence of Ca2+ or Sr2+. When troponin T was present, calmodulin hardly bound to troponin I even in the presence of bivalent cations. Trifluoperazine, a calmodulin antagonist, inhibited the bivalent-cation-dependent interaction between calmodulin and troponin I. Calmodulin migrated more slowly in the presence of Sr2+ than it did in the presence of EGTA but faster than it did in the presence of Ca2+ on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis under non-denaturing conditions. It is concluded that troponin T is not required in the calmodulin regulation of muscle contraction because troponin T inhibits the bivalent-cation-dependent interaction between calmodulin and troponin I and because calmodulin binds to troponin I and dissociates it from the tropomyosin-actin complex in a bivalent-cation-dependent manner. Sr2+-induced exposure of the hydrophobic region enables calmodulin to bind to troponin I, as is the case with Ca2+.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-909
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume241
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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