Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) induces capillary formation of endothelial cells on Matrigel in accompany with actin assembly and accumulation of cortactin and Arp2/3 complex at the cell-leading edge. Suppression of cortactin expression with a cortactin antisense oligo significantly impaired S1P-induced capillary formation, migration of endothelial cells, and actin assembly at the cell periphery. Overexpression of wild-type cortactin tagged by green fluorescent protein (GFP) increased the S1P-induced tube formation and cell motility, whereas the cells overexpressing the mutant formed poorly capillary network and became less motile in response to S1P. Analysis of distribution in Triton X-100 insoluble fractions demonstrated that the cortactin mutant inhibited the association of wild-type cortactin and Arp2/3 complex with the actin-enriched complex. Furthermore, actin polymerization at and distribution of Arp2/3 complex as well as endogenous cortactin into the cell-leading edge mediated by S1P was disturbed. These data suggest that the interaction between cortactin and Arp2/3 complex plays an important role in S1P-mediated remodeling of endothelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology