We have reported that the protein-protein interaction between UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 2B7 and cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) alters UGT2B7 function. However, the domain(s) involved in the interaction are largely unknown. To address this issue, we examined in more detail the CYP3A4-UGT2B7 association by means of immunoprecipitation, overlay assay, and cross-linking involving 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]car-bodiimide. Purified CYP3A4 or glutathione transferase (GST)-tagged CYP3A4 was cross-linked to UGT2B7 in solubilized baculosomes. The formation of the cross-linked complex was detected by immunoblotting using both antibodies against CYP3A4 and UGTs. Although the GST-tagged CYP3A4 containing the region ranging from Tyr25 to Ala503 was cross-linked to UGT2B7, the same did not occur when another construct containing Met145 to His267 was used. This observation was con-sistent with the result of the overlay assay indicating that CYP3A4 lacking the N-terminal hydrophobic segment retains the ability to associate with UGT2B7, whereas the Met145-to-His267 region loses this capacity. Although the Met145-to-His267 pep-tide was recognized by one anti-CYP3A4 antibody that has the ability to coimmunoprecipitate UGT2B7, it was not recognized by another antibody incapable of coimmunoprecipitating UGT2B7. The epitope of the latter antibody was mapped to the Leu331-to-Lys342 region, which is located on the J-helix of CYP3A4. Taken together, the results obtained suggest that 1) CYP3A4 and UGT2B7 are a pair of enzymes in proximity to each other and 2) either the Leu331-to-Lys342 domain or the surrounding region plays a role in the interaction with UGT2B7, whereas the hydrophobic Met145-to-His267 region does not contribute to this interaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine