Interaction of Gd2Si2O7 with CMAS melts for environmental barrier coatings

Seung Hyeon Kim, Nobuo Nagashima, Yoshitaka Matsushita, Byung Koog Jang

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) prevent the oxidation of ceramic matrix composites (CMC), which are used as components in gas turbines. However, EBCs deteriorate more rapidly in real environments, molten silicate deposits accelerate the deterioration of EBCs. In this study, high-temperature behavior sintered Gd2Si2O7 with calcia-magnesia-alumina-silica (CMAS) melt at 1400 °C for 0.5, 2, 12, 48, and 100 h was investigated. HT-XRD results showed that at 1300 °C, CMAS and Gd2Si2O7 chemically reacted to form Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 (apatite). The reaction layer became thicker as the heat-treatment time increased, and the thickness of the reaction layer has increased following a parabolic curve. With the extension of the reaction time from 0.5 to 100 h, the thickness of the reaction layer increased from approximately 98 to 315 µm. It was confirmed that Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2 grew vertically on the Gd2Si2O7 surface. Vertical and horizontal cracks were found after reacting at 1400 °C for 100 h, but no interfacial delamination occurred in this study. In addition, the effects of CaO:SiO2 molar ratios, monosilicates (RE2SiO5) and disilicates (RE2Si2O7), heat-treatment time, and cation size were determined and compared with the results of previous studies (Gd2SiO5, Yb2SiO5, and Er2Si2O7).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-599
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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