Interdisciplinary studies: Introduction of TAIGA concept

Tetsuro Urabe, Jun Ichiro Ishibashi, Michinari Sunamura, Kyoko Okino, Ken Takai, Katsuhiko Suzuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

After the discovery of seafloor hydrothermal venting, it became evident that the subseafloor fluid advection system plays an extremely important role in the Earth’s element cycle. We designate these fluid advections as sub-seafloor TAIGAs (which stand for Trans-crustal Advection and In-situ biogeochemical processes of Global sub-seafloor Aquifers. In Japanese, “taiga” refers to “a great river”). This concept emphasizes dynamic signature of subseafloor hydrosphere, especially for a hydrothermal fluid circulation system that might support subseafloor microbial ecosystem. However, the link between the fluid advection and microbial activity has never been clearly demonstrated. Wetherefore hypothesized four types of sub-seafloor TAIGAs; hydrogen, methane, sulfur, and iron to investigate the relation. Each type of TAIGA is characterized by the most dominant reducing substance available for chemosynthesis. Our trans-disciplinary research between 2008 and 2012 indicates that the hypothesis is valid and the microbial activity within the flow of TAIGAs has strong linkage to chemical characteristics of each TAIGA; that is, the subseafloor TAIGA supplies four different kinds of electron donor for respective chemolithoautotroph ecosystem which is suitable for particular electron donor. It is also shown that the composition of dissolved chemical species in the subseafloor TAIGAs are substantially affected by the geological background of their flow path such as volcanism, surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Our research clearly indicates that the chemosynthetic sub-seafloor biosphere is controlled and supported by Earth’s endogenous flux of heat and mass beneath the seafloor.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSubseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems
Subtitle of host publicationTAIGA Concept
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages1-10
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9784431548652
ISBN (Print)9784431548645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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