Interfacial engineering of epoxy/carbon nanotubes using reactive glue for effective reinforcement of the composite

Tsuyohiko Fujigaya, Yusuke Saegusa, Shogo Momota, Nobuhide Uda, Naotoshi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a novel strategy for reinforcing an epoxy resin using carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in which polybenzimidazole (PBI) was used as the glue to enable effective adhesion between the epoxy matrix and the CNT surface. Because PBI strongly interacts with the surfaces of the CNTs and reacts with epoxy matrices to form covalent bonds, the PBI-wrapped CNTs are a promising novel epoxy-CNT hybrid. The PBI-wrapped CNTs (CNT/PBI) exhibited an effective reinforcement of the epoxy resin hybrid, resulting in a higher tensile strength and Young's modulus (that is, +28.1% and +8.8%, respectively) compared with those of the hybrid using oxidized CNTs in place of PBI-wrapped CNTs (+18.6% and -4.8% reinforcement for tensile strength and Young's modulus, respectively). Scanning electron microscopy measurements of the fracture surfaces of the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid revealed that only very short CNTs were observed for the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid due to effective load transfer resulting from the formation of covalent bonds between the PBI on the CNTs and the epoxy resin, which is in contrast to that observed for oxidized CNT-epoxy, which exhibited long CNTs in the fracture surfaces owing to slippage at the interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Journal
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Glues
Carbon nanotubes
Reinforcement
Composite materials
Epoxy Resins
Epoxy resins
Covalent bonds
Tensile strength
Elastic moduli

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Interfacial engineering of epoxy/carbon nanotubes using reactive glue for effective reinforcement of the composite. / Fujigaya, Tsuyohiko; Saegusa, Yusuke; Momota, Shogo; Uda, Nobuhide; Nakashima, Naotoshi.

In: Polymer Journal, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 183-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{83593907671e4d9d8a46698040dc37d3,
title = "Interfacial engineering of epoxy/carbon nanotubes using reactive glue for effective reinforcement of the composite",
abstract = "We describe a novel strategy for reinforcing an epoxy resin using carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in which polybenzimidazole (PBI) was used as the glue to enable effective adhesion between the epoxy matrix and the CNT surface. Because PBI strongly interacts with the surfaces of the CNTs and reacts with epoxy matrices to form covalent bonds, the PBI-wrapped CNTs are a promising novel epoxy-CNT hybrid. The PBI-wrapped CNTs (CNT/PBI) exhibited an effective reinforcement of the epoxy resin hybrid, resulting in a higher tensile strength and Young's modulus (that is, +28.1{\%} and +8.8{\%}, respectively) compared with those of the hybrid using oxidized CNTs in place of PBI-wrapped CNTs (+18.6{\%} and -4.8{\%} reinforcement for tensile strength and Young's modulus, respectively). Scanning electron microscopy measurements of the fracture surfaces of the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid revealed that only very short CNTs were observed for the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid due to effective load transfer resulting from the formation of covalent bonds between the PBI on the CNTs and the epoxy resin, which is in contrast to that observed for oxidized CNT-epoxy, which exhibited long CNTs in the fracture surfaces owing to slippage at the interfaces.",
author = "Tsuyohiko Fujigaya and Yusuke Saegusa and Shogo Momota and Nobuhide Uda and Naotoshi Nakashima",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/pj.2015.98",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "183--188",
journal = "Polymer Journal",
issn = "0032-3896",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interfacial engineering of epoxy/carbon nanotubes using reactive glue for effective reinforcement of the composite

AU - Fujigaya, Tsuyohiko

AU - Saegusa, Yusuke

AU - Momota, Shogo

AU - Uda, Nobuhide

AU - Nakashima, Naotoshi

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - We describe a novel strategy for reinforcing an epoxy resin using carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in which polybenzimidazole (PBI) was used as the glue to enable effective adhesion between the epoxy matrix and the CNT surface. Because PBI strongly interacts with the surfaces of the CNTs and reacts with epoxy matrices to form covalent bonds, the PBI-wrapped CNTs are a promising novel epoxy-CNT hybrid. The PBI-wrapped CNTs (CNT/PBI) exhibited an effective reinforcement of the epoxy resin hybrid, resulting in a higher tensile strength and Young's modulus (that is, +28.1% and +8.8%, respectively) compared with those of the hybrid using oxidized CNTs in place of PBI-wrapped CNTs (+18.6% and -4.8% reinforcement for tensile strength and Young's modulus, respectively). Scanning electron microscopy measurements of the fracture surfaces of the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid revealed that only very short CNTs were observed for the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid due to effective load transfer resulting from the formation of covalent bonds between the PBI on the CNTs and the epoxy resin, which is in contrast to that observed for oxidized CNT-epoxy, which exhibited long CNTs in the fracture surfaces owing to slippage at the interfaces.

AB - We describe a novel strategy for reinforcing an epoxy resin using carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in which polybenzimidazole (PBI) was used as the glue to enable effective adhesion between the epoxy matrix and the CNT surface. Because PBI strongly interacts with the surfaces of the CNTs and reacts with epoxy matrices to form covalent bonds, the PBI-wrapped CNTs are a promising novel epoxy-CNT hybrid. The PBI-wrapped CNTs (CNT/PBI) exhibited an effective reinforcement of the epoxy resin hybrid, resulting in a higher tensile strength and Young's modulus (that is, +28.1% and +8.8%, respectively) compared with those of the hybrid using oxidized CNTs in place of PBI-wrapped CNTs (+18.6% and -4.8% reinforcement for tensile strength and Young's modulus, respectively). Scanning electron microscopy measurements of the fracture surfaces of the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid revealed that only very short CNTs were observed for the CNT/PBI-epoxy hybrid due to effective load transfer resulting from the formation of covalent bonds between the PBI on the CNTs and the epoxy resin, which is in contrast to that observed for oxidized CNT-epoxy, which exhibited long CNTs in the fracture surfaces owing to slippage at the interfaces.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957586090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957586090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/pj.2015.98

DO - 10.1038/pj.2015.98

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84957586090

VL - 48

SP - 183

EP - 188

JO - Polymer Journal

JF - Polymer Journal

SN - 0032-3896

IS - 2

ER -