Interfacial profiles of miscible poly(4-trimethylsilylstyrene)/ polyisoprene bilayer films

Masashi Harada, Takahisa Suzuki, Masayuki Ohya, Daisuke Kawaguchi, Atsushi Takano, Yushu Matsushita, Naoya Torikai

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compositional profiles of bilayer films in the direction normal to the interfaces have been investigated by neutron reflectivity measurements and analyzed with mean field theory. The bilayer films were prepared with poly(4-trimethylsilylstyrene) (PTMSS) and polyisoprene (PI), which constitute a miscible polymer pair and whose blends show phase separation at the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) by heating. Because we can accurately control the degree of polymerization of component polymers and can adjust the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter, χ, with the temperature, T, according to the relationship χ = 0.027-9.5/T, the phase behavior and the interfacial structure of PTMSS and PI are predictable by mean field theory. When the bilayer films of PTMSS and PI were set at 90 °C, which is a temperature below the LCST, diffusion at the interface was observed, and the original interface disappeared in several hours; this supports the idea that the polymer pair is miscible. No clear interfaces were identified below the LCST, whereas broad interfaces, compared with that of the strong segregation pairs, were observed above the LCST. The compositions of each layer are consistent with that of the coexisting phase in the polymer blends, and the interfacial widths agree well with the theoretical prediction considering the effect of capillary waves. In addition, all annealed films have a thin surface layer of PTMSS corresponding to surface segregation induced by the lower surface energy of PTMSS (with respect to that of PI). Thus, the interfacial profiles of PTMSS/PI bilayer films have been totally prospected in the framework of mean field theory. (c)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1486-1494
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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