Double-stranded RNA derived from viruses induces host immune responses. PD-L1, also known as B7-H1, is an immune-checkpoint molecule associated with the escape of viruses from host immune systems, which plays a role in the persistence of viral infection, resulting in exacerbations of underlying diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Interleukin (IL)-22 is produced from various immune cells and has protective properties on mucosal tissue. The binding of IL-22 to IL-22 receptor induces STAT3 activation. We investigated the effect of IL-22 on the expression in airway epithelial cells in vitro and in mouse lungs in vivo after the stimulation with an analog of viral double-stranded RNA, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C). Stimulation with poly I:C upregulated PD-L1 expression on BEAS-2B cells. This upregulation of PD-L1 was attenuated by IL-22 administration. STAT3 phosphorylation was induced by IL-22 and poly I:C. Treatment of cells with STAT3 siRNA abolished the effect of IL-22 on the poly I:C-induced upregulation of PD-L1. This upregulation of PD-L1 was also attenuated by IL-11, a cytokine inducing STAT3 phosphorylation, in BEAS-2B cells. In mouse lung cells in vivo, IL-22 suppressed poly I:C-induced upregulation of PD-L1. These results suggest that IL-22 attenuates virus-induced upregulation of PD-L1 in airway epithelial cells via a STAT3-dependent mechanism.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 9 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology