Intermolecular hydrogen bonding in cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) blends: thermodynamic examination using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses as cellulose model compounds

Tetsuo Kondo, Chie Sawatari

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Abstract

This paper discusses the miscibility of cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) blend systems from the view point of the relationship between hydrogen bond formation and regiochemistry of hydroxyl groups in cellulose. Thermodynamic examination of the systems using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses (23MC and 6MC) as cellulose model compounds was carried out by differential scanning calorimetry. The values of two parameters, interaction energy density characteristic, B, and interaction parameter, x12, assessed by the thermodynamic analyses indicated evidence of polymer-polymer interaction in 23MC/PEO blends and lack of interaction between 6MC and PEO in their blends. Optical microscopic observation of the blend systems revealed the same phenomena. Results of the two investigations support our proposal of a regiochemical effect of hydroxyl groups in cellulose analysed by Fourier transform i.r. spectroscopy; that is, primary hydroxyl groups at the C6 position of the glucose unit of cellulose interact predominantly with ether oxygen in PEO, while secondary hydroxyls at the C2 and C3 positions are not engaged in hydrogen bonding. However, in pure cellulose/PEO blend each negative magnitude of the values was much larger than the sum of the values of each parameter for the 23MC/PEO and 6MC/PEO blends, indicating the presence of secondary polymer-polymer interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4423-4428
Number of pages6
Journalpolymer
Volume35
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Methylcellulose
Polyethylene oxides
Cellulose
Hydrogen bonds
Thermodynamics
Hydroxyl Radical
Polymers
Polymer blends
Ether
Glucose
Differential scanning calorimetry
Ethers
Fourier transforms
Solubility
Spectroscopy
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Intermolecular hydrogen bonding in cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) blends: thermodynamic examination using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses as cellulose model compounds",
abstract = "This paper discusses the miscibility of cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) blend systems from the view point of the relationship between hydrogen bond formation and regiochemistry of hydroxyl groups in cellulose. Thermodynamic examination of the systems using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses (23MC and 6MC) as cellulose model compounds was carried out by differential scanning calorimetry. The values of two parameters, interaction energy density characteristic, B, and interaction parameter, x12, assessed by the thermodynamic analyses indicated evidence of polymer-polymer interaction in 23MC/PEO blends and lack of interaction between 6MC and PEO in their blends. Optical microscopic observation of the blend systems revealed the same phenomena. Results of the two investigations support our proposal of a regiochemical effect of hydroxyl groups in cellulose analysed by Fourier transform i.r. spectroscopy; that is, primary hydroxyl groups at the C6 position of the glucose unit of cellulose interact predominantly with ether oxygen in PEO, while secondary hydroxyls at the C2 and C3 positions are not engaged in hydrogen bonding. However, in pure cellulose/PEO blend each negative magnitude of the values was much larger than the sum of the values of each parameter for the 23MC/PEO and 6MC/PEO blends, indicating the presence of secondary polymer-polymer interaction.",
author = "Tetsuo Kondo and Chie Sawatari",
year = "1994",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/0032-3861(94)90102-3",
language = "English",
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T1 - Intermolecular hydrogen bonding in cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) blends

T2 - thermodynamic examination using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses as cellulose model compounds

AU - Kondo, Tetsuo

AU - Sawatari, Chie

PY - 1994/9

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AB - This paper discusses the miscibility of cellulose/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) blend systems from the view point of the relationship between hydrogen bond formation and regiochemistry of hydroxyl groups in cellulose. Thermodynamic examination of the systems using 2,3-di-O- and 6-O-methylcelluloses (23MC and 6MC) as cellulose model compounds was carried out by differential scanning calorimetry. The values of two parameters, interaction energy density characteristic, B, and interaction parameter, x12, assessed by the thermodynamic analyses indicated evidence of polymer-polymer interaction in 23MC/PEO blends and lack of interaction between 6MC and PEO in their blends. Optical microscopic observation of the blend systems revealed the same phenomena. Results of the two investigations support our proposal of a regiochemical effect of hydroxyl groups in cellulose analysed by Fourier transform i.r. spectroscopy; that is, primary hydroxyl groups at the C6 position of the glucose unit of cellulose interact predominantly with ether oxygen in PEO, while secondary hydroxyls at the C2 and C3 positions are not engaged in hydrogen bonding. However, in pure cellulose/PEO blend each negative magnitude of the values was much larger than the sum of the values of each parameter for the 23MC/PEO and 6MC/PEO blends, indicating the presence of secondary polymer-polymer interaction.

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