The changes of the intracellular pH (pHi) of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells were fluorometrically monitored using 2′,7′-bis(carboxyethyl)carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). A biphasic pHi change was observed by addition of ATP: an initial acidification followed by an alkalinization of about 0.2 pH unit above the resting level of pHi 7.23. The alkalinization was dependent on [Na+]o and [H+]o, and was inhibited by 5-(N,N-hexamethylene)amiloride, indicating that the alkalinization is mediated by the Na+/H+ exchanger. The 50% effective concentration of ATP was about 1.4 μM. ADP similarly induced pHi changes, whereas AMP and adenosine were inactive. The pHi changes induced by ATP were dependent on the extracellular Ca2+, and the addition of calcium ionophore A23187 induced similar pHi changes. The results indicate that ATP activates the Na+/H+ exchanger in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells and the activation is mediated by the P2-purinergic receptor and is dependent on the extracellular Ca2+.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - May 16 1988|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology