The soybean-nodulating Sinorhizobium fredii strain has been reported to possess three copies of rRNA gene operons. In the present study, we investigated the diversity of the 16S-23S rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of S. fredii strains. Based on the sequences of the ITS regions, we divided the sequences of the S. fredii strains into two groups, type A and type B. A dot-matrix analysis indicated that the region flanked by tRNA-Ile and tRNA-Ala is longer in type A than in type B, whereas type B sequences possess longer regions upstream of tRNA-Ile and downstream of tRNA-Ala than those of the type A sequence. Restriction fragment length polymorphism of polymerase chain reaction product (PCR-RFLP) of the ITS region in the cloned plasmids as templates could reconstruct the PCR-RFLP pattern from the total DNA as a template. The results of Southern hybridization using the insert sequence between tRNA-Ile and tRNA-Ala in type A as a probe indicated differences in the copy numbers of the type A ITS regions among the strains tested. These results indicated that S. fredii strains possess the type A and type B sequences of the ITS regions at ratios of 3:0, 2:1, 1:2 or 0:3. These S. fredii strains may be useful biological materials for the study of intraspecific variations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Soil Science
- Plant Science