Intravenous Patient-controlled Analgesia (IV-PCA) for relief of postoperative pain

Ju Mizuno, Shigeho Morita, Nobuaki Hanaue, Kazuo Hanaoka, Takeshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) using opioids such as morphine and fentanyl can be an effective analgesic method for post-operative pain that is resistant to conventional administration of narcotic analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and where epidural block and peripheral nerve block are not feasible. In addition to post-operative pain relief, IV-PCA can facilitate early ambulation, reduce respiratory complications, and increase patient satisfaction. However, respiratory and circulatory depression, and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) often occur as side effects of IV-PCA with opioids. Administration of droperidol can be an effective treatment for PONV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-912
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Volume60
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 10 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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