BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging, which simultaneously measures diffusion and perfusion parameters, is promising for brain tumor grading. However, intravoxel incoherent motion imaging has not been tested in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between intravoxel incoherent motion parameters and histology to assess the accuracy of intravoxel incoherent motion imaging for pediatric intracranial tumor grading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2013 and September 2015, 17 children (11 boys, 6 girls; 2 months to 15 years of age) with intracranial tumors were included in this retrospective study. Intravoxel incoherent motion parameters were fitted using 13 b-values for a biexponential model. The perfusion-free diffusion coefficient, pseudodiffusion coefficient, and perfusion fraction were measured in highand low-grade tumors. These intravoxel incoherent motion parameters and the ADC were compared using the unpaired t test. The correlations between the intravoxel incoherent motion parameters and microvessel density or the MIB-1 index were analyzed using the Spearman correlation test. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to evaluate diagnostic performance. RESULTS: The perfusion-free diffusion coefficient and ADC were lower in high-grade than in low-grade tumors (perfusion-free diffusion coefficient, 0.85 ± 0.40 versus 1.53 ± 0.21 × 10-3 mm2/s, P < .001; ADC, 1.04 ± 0.33 versus 1.60 ± 0.21 × 10-3 mm2/s, P < .001). The pseudodiffusion coefficient showed no difference between the groups. The perfusion fraction was higher in high-grade than in low-grade tumors (21.7 ± 8.2% versus 7.6 ± 4.3%, P < .001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis found that the combined perfusion-free diffusion coefficient and perfusion fraction had the best diagnostic performance for tumor differentiation (area under the curve=0.986). CONCLUSIONS: Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging reflects tumor histology and may be a helpful, noninvasive method for pediatric intracranial tumor grading.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology