In this paper, we present a model for the inverse dynamics of underactuated manipulators that is free from inertial coupling singularities. The framework’s main idea is to include a small-amplitude wave on the trajectory of the rotating active joints. First, we derive the modified nonlinear dynamics for the multijoint manipulators with multiple degrees-of-freedom (DoF). Next, a 4-DoF mass-rotating underactuated manipulator with two passive and two active joints is chosen. Then, a condition assuming the positive definiteness of the inertia matrix is developed to have the singularity-free inverse dynamics. Finally, we analytically study how singularities can be avoided and show an example simulation with a feed-forward control at the singular configuration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Control and Optimization