Manipulation of kynurenic acid (KYNA) level through kynurenine aminotransferase-2 (KAT-2) inhibition with the aim of therapy in neuro-psychiatric diseses has been the subject of extensive recent research. Although mouse models are of particular importance, neither the basic mechanism of KYNA production and release nor the relevance of KAT-2 in the mouse brain has yet been clarified. Using acute mouse brain slice preparations, we investigated the basal and L-kynurenine (L-KYN) induced KYNA production and distribution between the extracellular and intracellular compartments. Furthermore, we evaluated the effect of specific KAT-2 inhibition with the irreversible inhibitor PF-04859989. To ascertain that the observed KYNA release is not a simple consequence of general cell degradation, we examined the structural and functional integrity of the brain tissue with biochemical, histological and electrophysiological tools. We did not find relevant change in the viability of the brain tissue after several hours incubation time. HPLC measurements proved that mouse brain slices intensively produce and liberate KYNA to the extracellular compartment, while only a small proportion retained in the tissue both in the basal and L-KYN supplemented state. Finally, specific KAT-2 inhibition significantly reduced the extracellular KYNA content. Taken together, these results provide important data about KYNA production and release, and in vitro evidence for the first time of the function of KAT-2 in the adult mouse brain. Our study extends investigations of KAT-2 manipulation to mice in a bid to fully understand the function; the final, future aim is to assign therapeutical kynurenergic manipulation strategies to humans.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2019|
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