Investigating solid and liquid desiccant dehumidification options for room air-conditioning and drying applications

B. Kiran Naik, Mullapudi Joshi, P. Muthukumar, Muhammad Sultan, Takahiko Miyazaki, Redmond R. Shamshiri, Hadeed Ashraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study reports on the investigation of the performance of single and two-stage liquid and solid desiccant dehumidification systems and two-stage combined liquid and solid desiccant dehumidification systems with reference to humid climates. The research focus is on a dehumidification system capacity of 25 kW designed for room air conditioning application using the thermal models reported in the literature. RD-type silica gel and LiCl are used as solid and liquid desiccant materials, respectively. In this study, the application of proposed system for deep drying application is also explored. Condensation rate and moisture removal efficiency are chosen as performance parameters for room air conditioning application, whereas air outlet temperature is chosen as performance parameter for deep drying application. Further, for a given range of operating parameters, influences of air inlet humidity ratio, flow rate, and inlet temperature on performance parameters of the systems are investigated. In humid climatic conditions, it has been observed that a two-stage liquid desiccant dehumidification system is more effective for room air conditioning application, and two-stage solid desiccant dehumidification system is more suitable for deep drying application in the temperature range of 50 to 70 C, while single-stage solid desiccant and two-stage combined liquid and solid desiccant dehumidification systems are more effective for low temperature, i.e., 30 to 50 C deep drying application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10582
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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