Investigation of durability of MEAs at higher temperature

Masahiko Kitamura, Zhiyun Noda, Junko Matsuda, Akari Hayashi, Kazunari Sasaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the next generation polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), increase in operating temperature above 100 °C is desired in order to improve the cathode overvoltage. The objective of this study is to understand degradation phenomena of cathode catalysts by simulating fuel cell vehicle-s "load cycles", where Pt dissolution/reprecipitation reaction occurs. Standard membrane-electrode-assemblies (MEAs) made with Nafion® membrane were evaluated under increased temperature like 105 °C and also under reduced humidity condition like RH57%. As a result, comparing to the standard operating condition (80 °C and RH100%), Pt enlargement was suppressed at RH57% owing to the presence of smaller amount of water. However, degradation of Nafion® ionomer under low humidity condition led to lowering MEA performance. Furthermore, at higher temperature, in addition to Nafion® degradation, enhanced Pt enlargement was recognized and became a serious problem on MEA performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 15, PEFC 15
EditorsH. A. Gasteiger, V. K. Ramani, J. M. Fenton, T. J. Schmidt, D. J. Jones, K. E. Ayers, K. A. Perry, T. F. Fuller, B. S. Pivovar, K. Shinohara, F. N. Buchi, R. A. Mantz, C. Coutanceau, P. Strasser, A. Z. Weber, K. Swider-Lyons, H. Uchida, M. Edmundson, S. Mitsushima, S. R. Narayanan
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages701-708
Number of pages8
Edition17
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
EventSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 15, PEFC 2015 - 228th ECS Meeting - Phoenix, United States
Duration: Oct 11 2015Oct 15 2015

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number17
Volume69
ISSN (Print)1938-5862
ISSN (Electronic)1938-6737

Other

OtherSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 15, PEFC 2015 - 228th ECS Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityPhoenix
Period10/11/1510/15/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Kitamura, M., Noda, Z., Matsuda, J., Hayashi, A., & Sasaki, K. (2015). Investigation of durability of MEAs at higher temperature. In H. A. Gasteiger, V. K. Ramani, J. M. Fenton, T. J. Schmidt, D. J. Jones, K. E. Ayers, K. A. Perry, T. F. Fuller, B. S. Pivovar, K. Shinohara, F. N. Buchi, R. A. Mantz, C. Coutanceau, P. Strasser, A. Z. Weber, K. Swider-Lyons, H. Uchida, M. Edmundson, S. Mitsushima, & S. R. Narayanan (Eds.), Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 15, PEFC 15 (17 ed., pp. 701-708). (ECS Transactions; Vol. 69, No. 17). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/06917.0701ecst