We report the magnetic dead layer at the interfaces between Fe and Si(111) surfaces. We prepared two ultrathin iron-silicides, c(8×4) prepared at 900 K and p(2×2) at 700 K, and clean reconstructed 7×7 surface for the silicon templates. By using magneto-optical Kerr effect, we found that at room temperature the ferromagnetic order appears at 5.5 ML, 8.2 ML, and 10.9 ML for Fe/c(8×4) silicide, Fe/p(2×2) silicide, and Fe/Si(111)-7×7 surface, respectively. From the thickness dependent magnetization measurements, we decided the magnetic dead layer for Fe/c(8×4) silicide, Fe/p(2×2) silicide, and Fe/Si(111)-7×7 to be 3.0 ML, 5.0 ML, and 7.5 ML, respectively. Our results indicate that the c(8×4) iron silicide surface prevents further silicide formation more effectively than the p(2×2) silicide and Si(111)-7×7 surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films