Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation

Hidemasa Miyamoto, Masahiko Kitamura, Zhiyun Noda, Kazunari Sasaki, Akari Hayashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Toward the development of electrocatalysts for future higher temperature PEFCs, extraction of critical issues for higher temperature PEFCs was aimed. Degradation phenomena and mechanisms at 105°C were evaluated for both Aquivion® MEA and Nafion® MEA. The correlation between proton conductivity and changes in cathode structures on the acceleration degradation test was studied in detail. As a result, even though the macroporous structure of the cathode layer was homogeneous in Aquivion® MEA, larger pores almost intensely formed near the Nafion® membrane side. We have found that the carbon oxidation reaction is deeply related to H2O produced by a fuel cell reaction if it is under the low humidification condition. Therefore, when proton conductivity is low like Nafion® MEA, H2O is mainly generated at the interface between the cathode layer and Nafion® membrane and carbon oxidation intensely occurs at the interface.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16
EditorsD. J. Jones, F. N. Buchi, B. S. Pivovar, T. F. Fuller, A. Z. Weber, L. Zhuang, C. Coutanceau, P. N. Pintauro, K. E. Ayers, V. K. Ramani, P. Strasser, R. A. Mantz, S. R. Narayanan, S. Mitsushima, T. J. Schmidt, S. G. Sun, H. Uchida, H. A. Gasteiger, K. Swider-Lyons, J. M. Fenton, Y. T. Kim, K. A. Perry, P. Shirvanian, K. Shinohara
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages329-337
Number of pages9
Edition14
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
EventSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 2016 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Oct 2 2016Oct 7 2016

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number14
Volume75
ISSN (Print)1938-5862
ISSN (Electronic)1938-6737

Other

OtherSymposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 2016 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period10/2/1610/7/16

Fingerprint

High temperature operations
Cathodes
Proton conductivity
Membranes
Degradation
Oxidation
Carbon
Electrocatalysts
Fuel cells
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Miyamoto, H., Kitamura, M., Noda, Z., Sasaki, K., & Hayashi, A. (2016). Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation. In D. J. Jones, F. N. Buchi, B. S. Pivovar, T. F. Fuller, A. Z. Weber, L. Zhuang, C. Coutanceau, P. N. Pintauro, K. E. Ayers, V. K. Ramani, P. Strasser, R. A. Mantz, S. R. Narayanan, S. Mitsushima, T. J. Schmidt, S. G. Sun, H. Uchida, H. A. Gasteiger, K. Swider-Lyons, J. M. Fenton, Y. T. Kim, K. A. Perry, P. Shirvanian, ... K. Shinohara (Eds.), Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16 (14 ed., pp. 329-337). (ECS Transactions; Vol. 75, No. 14). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/07514.0329ecst

Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation. / Miyamoto, Hidemasa; Kitamura, Masahiko; Noda, Zhiyun; Sasaki, Kazunari; Hayashi, Akari.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16. ed. / D. J. Jones; F. N. Buchi; B. S. Pivovar; T. F. Fuller; A. Z. Weber; L. Zhuang; C. Coutanceau; P. N. Pintauro; K. E. Ayers; V. K. Ramani; P. Strasser; R. A. Mantz; S. R. Narayanan; S. Mitsushima; T. J. Schmidt; S. G. Sun; H. Uchida; H. A. Gasteiger; K. Swider-Lyons; J. M. Fenton; Y. T. Kim; K. A. Perry; P. Shirvanian; K. Shinohara. 14. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2016. p. 329-337 (ECS Transactions; Vol. 75, No. 14).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Miyamoto, H, Kitamura, M, Noda, Z, Sasaki, K & Hayashi, A 2016, Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation. in DJ Jones, FN Buchi, BS Pivovar, TF Fuller, AZ Weber, L Zhuang, C Coutanceau, PN Pintauro, KE Ayers, VK Ramani, P Strasser, RA Mantz, SR Narayanan, S Mitsushima, TJ Schmidt, SG Sun, H Uchida, HA Gasteiger, K Swider-Lyons, JM Fenton, YT Kim, KA Perry, P Shirvanian & K Shinohara (eds), Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16. 14 edn, ECS Transactions, no. 14, vol. 75, Electrochemical Society Inc., pp. 329-337, Symposium on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 2016 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting, Honolulu, United States, 10/2/16. https://doi.org/10.1149/07514.0329ecst
Miyamoto H, Kitamura M, Noda Z, Sasaki K, Hayashi A. Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation. In Jones DJ, Buchi FN, Pivovar BS, Fuller TF, Weber AZ, Zhuang L, Coutanceau C, Pintauro PN, Ayers KE, Ramani VK, Strasser P, Mantz RA, Narayanan SR, Mitsushima S, Schmidt TJ, Sun SG, Uchida H, Gasteiger HA, Swider-Lyons K, Fenton JM, Kim YT, Perry KA, Shirvanian P, Shinohara K, editors, Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16. 14 ed. Electrochemical Society Inc. 2016. p. 329-337. (ECS Transactions; 14). https://doi.org/10.1149/07514.0329ecst
Miyamoto, Hidemasa ; Kitamura, Masahiko ; Noda, Zhiyun ; Sasaki, Kazunari ; Hayashi, Akari. / Investigation of problems at the PEFC cathode layer under higher temperature operation. Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 16, PEFC 16. editor / D. J. Jones ; F. N. Buchi ; B. S. Pivovar ; T. F. Fuller ; A. Z. Weber ; L. Zhuang ; C. Coutanceau ; P. N. Pintauro ; K. E. Ayers ; V. K. Ramani ; P. Strasser ; R. A. Mantz ; S. R. Narayanan ; S. Mitsushima ; T. J. Schmidt ; S. G. Sun ; H. Uchida ; H. A. Gasteiger ; K. Swider-Lyons ; J. M. Fenton ; Y. T. Kim ; K. A. Perry ; P. Shirvanian ; K. Shinohara. 14. ed. Electrochemical Society Inc., 2016. pp. 329-337 (ECS Transactions; 14).
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