Improvement in the thermal tolerance of Si-based spin devices is realized by employing thermally stable nonmagnetic (NM) electrodes. For Au/Ta/Al electrodes, intermixing between Al atoms and Au atoms occurs at approximately 300 °C, resulting in the formation of a Au/Si interface. The Au–Si liquid phase is formed and diffuses mainly along an in-plane direction between the Si and AlN capping layers, eventually breaking the MgO layer of the ferromagnetic (FM) metal/MgO electrodes, which is located 7 µm away from the NM electrodes. By changing the layer structure of the NM electrode from Au/Ta/Al to Au/Ta, the thermal tolerance is clearly enhanced. Clear spin transport signals are obtained even after annealing at 400 °C. To investigate the effects of Mg insertion in FM electrodes on thermal tolerance, we also compare the thermal tolerance among Fe/Co/MgO, Fe/Co/Mg/MgO and Fe/Co/MgO/Mg contacts. Although a highly efficient spin injection has been reported by insertion of a thin Mg layer below or above the MgO layer, these thermal tolerances decrease obviously.
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