Investigation of the thermonuclear 18 Ne(α, p) 21 Na reaction rate via resonant elastic scattering of 21 Na + p

L. Y. Zhang, J. J. He, A. Parikh, S. W. Xu, H. Yamaguchi, D. Kahl, S. Kubono, P. Mohr, J. Hu, P. Ma, S. Z. Chen, Y. Wakabayashi, H. W. Wang, W. D. Tian, R. F. Chen, B. Guo, T. Hashimoto, Y. Togano, S. Hayakawa, T. TeranishiN. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T. Komatsubara, Y. H. Zhang, X. H. Zhou

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Abstract

The 18Ne(α,p)21Na reaction is thought to be one of the key breakout reactions from the hot CNO cycles to the rp process in type I x-ray bursts. In this work, the resonant properties of the compound nucleus 22Mg have been investigated by measuring the resonant elastic scattering of 21Na + p. An 89-MeV 21Na radioactive beam delivered from the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam Separator bombarded an 8.8 mg/cm2 thick polyethylene (CH2)n target. The 21Na beam intensity was about 2×105 pps, with a purity of about 70% on target. The recoiled protons were measured at the center-of-mass scattering angles of θc.m.≈175.2, 152.2, and 150.5 by three sets of ΔE-E telescopes, respectively. The excitation function was obtained with the thick-target method over energies Ex(22Mg)=5.5-9.2 MeV. In total, 23 states above the proton-threshold in 22Mg were observed, and their resonant parameters were determined via an R-matrix analysis of the excitation functions. We have made several new Jπ assignments and confirmed some tentative assignments made in previous work. The thermonuclear 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate has been recalculated based on our recommended spin-parity assignments. The astrophysical impact of our new rate has been investigated through one-zone postprocessing x-ray burst calculations. We find that the 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate significantly affects the peak nuclear energy generation rate, reaction fluxes, and onset temperature of this breakout reaction in these astrophysical phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015804
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 23 2014

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elastic scattering
reaction kinetics
bursts
astrophysics
protons
separators
nuclear energy
excitation
center of mass
polyethylenes
parity
purity
x rays
ion beams
telescopes
cycles
nuclei
thresholds
scattering
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Investigation of the thermonuclear 18 Ne(α, p) 21 Na reaction rate via resonant elastic scattering of 21 Na + p. / Zhang, L. Y.; He, J. J.; Parikh, A.; Xu, S. W.; Yamaguchi, H.; Kahl, D.; Kubono, S.; Mohr, P.; Hu, J.; Ma, P.; Chen, S. Z.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Wang, H. W.; Tian, W. D.; Chen, R. F.; Guo, B.; Hashimoto, T.; Togano, Y.; Hayakawa, S.; Teranishi, T.; Iwasa, N.; Yamada, T.; Komatsubara, T.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhou, X. H.

In: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, Vol. 89, No. 1, 015804, 23.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, LY, He, JJ, Parikh, A, Xu, SW, Yamaguchi, H, Kahl, D, Kubono, S, Mohr, P, Hu, J, Ma, P, Chen, SZ, Wakabayashi, Y, Wang, HW, Tian, WD, Chen, RF, Guo, B, Hashimoto, T, Togano, Y, Hayakawa, S, Teranishi, T, Iwasa, N, Yamada, T, Komatsubara, T, Zhang, YH & Zhou, XH 2014, 'Investigation of the thermonuclear 18 Ne(α, p) 21 Na reaction rate via resonant elastic scattering of 21 Na + p', Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, vol. 89, no. 1, 015804. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.015804
Zhang, L. Y. ; He, J. J. ; Parikh, A. ; Xu, S. W. ; Yamaguchi, H. ; Kahl, D. ; Kubono, S. ; Mohr, P. ; Hu, J. ; Ma, P. ; Chen, S. Z. ; Wakabayashi, Y. ; Wang, H. W. ; Tian, W. D. ; Chen, R. F. ; Guo, B. ; Hashimoto, T. ; Togano, Y. ; Hayakawa, S. ; Teranishi, T. ; Iwasa, N. ; Yamada, T. ; Komatsubara, T. ; Zhang, Y. H. ; Zhou, X. H. / Investigation of the thermonuclear 18 Ne(α, p) 21 Na reaction rate via resonant elastic scattering of 21 Na + p. In: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 89, No. 1.
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abstract = "The 18Ne(α,p)21Na reaction is thought to be one of the key breakout reactions from the hot CNO cycles to the rp process in type I x-ray bursts. In this work, the resonant properties of the compound nucleus 22Mg have been investigated by measuring the resonant elastic scattering of 21Na + p. An 89-MeV 21Na radioactive beam delivered from the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam Separator bombarded an 8.8 mg/cm2 thick polyethylene (CH2)n target. The 21Na beam intensity was about 2×105 pps, with a purity of about 70{\%} on target. The recoiled protons were measured at the center-of-mass scattering angles of θc.m.≈175.2, 152.2, and 150.5 by three sets of ΔE-E telescopes, respectively. The excitation function was obtained with the thick-target method over energies Ex(22Mg)=5.5-9.2 MeV. In total, 23 states above the proton-threshold in 22Mg were observed, and their resonant parameters were determined via an R-matrix analysis of the excitation functions. We have made several new Jπ assignments and confirmed some tentative assignments made in previous work. The thermonuclear 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate has been recalculated based on our recommended spin-parity assignments. The astrophysical impact of our new rate has been investigated through one-zone postprocessing x-ray burst calculations. We find that the 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate significantly affects the peak nuclear energy generation rate, reaction fluxes, and onset temperature of this breakout reaction in these astrophysical phenomena.",
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AU - Zhang, L. Y.

AU - He, J. J.

AU - Parikh, A.

AU - Xu, S. W.

AU - Yamaguchi, H.

AU - Kahl, D.

AU - Kubono, S.

AU - Mohr, P.

AU - Hu, J.

AU - Ma, P.

AU - Chen, S. Z.

AU - Wakabayashi, Y.

AU - Wang, H. W.

AU - Tian, W. D.

AU - Chen, R. F.

AU - Guo, B.

AU - Hashimoto, T.

AU - Togano, Y.

AU - Hayakawa, S.

AU - Teranishi, T.

AU - Iwasa, N.

AU - Yamada, T.

AU - Komatsubara, T.

AU - Zhang, Y. H.

AU - Zhou, X. H.

PY - 2014/1/23

Y1 - 2014/1/23

N2 - The 18Ne(α,p)21Na reaction is thought to be one of the key breakout reactions from the hot CNO cycles to the rp process in type I x-ray bursts. In this work, the resonant properties of the compound nucleus 22Mg have been investigated by measuring the resonant elastic scattering of 21Na + p. An 89-MeV 21Na radioactive beam delivered from the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam Separator bombarded an 8.8 mg/cm2 thick polyethylene (CH2)n target. The 21Na beam intensity was about 2×105 pps, with a purity of about 70% on target. The recoiled protons were measured at the center-of-mass scattering angles of θc.m.≈175.2, 152.2, and 150.5 by three sets of ΔE-E telescopes, respectively. The excitation function was obtained with the thick-target method over energies Ex(22Mg)=5.5-9.2 MeV. In total, 23 states above the proton-threshold in 22Mg were observed, and their resonant parameters were determined via an R-matrix analysis of the excitation functions. We have made several new Jπ assignments and confirmed some tentative assignments made in previous work. The thermonuclear 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate has been recalculated based on our recommended spin-parity assignments. The astrophysical impact of our new rate has been investigated through one-zone postprocessing x-ray burst calculations. We find that the 18Ne(α,p)21Na rate significantly affects the peak nuclear energy generation rate, reaction fluxes, and onset temperature of this breakout reaction in these astrophysical phenomena.

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