Investigation on the polymer electrolyte nafion by dynamic light scattering and rheological analysis

Makoto Nakano, Tatsuya Shoji, Shyusei Ohya, Shigeru Yao, Daisuke Tatsumi, Takayoshi Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Solution properties and film properties of the polymer electrolyte (Nafion) were investigated by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and rheological analysis. By DLS measurement, it has been found that the Stokes diameter of Nafion molecules in a DMF solution is larger than that in a water/alcohol solution (SE5112, DuPont). This result clearly shows that the DMF is a better solvent than the solvent component of SE5112. Both SE5112 and the DMF solution behave as almost Newtonian solutions, while Nafion solution in DMF/water mixed solvent shows viscoelasticity due to the aggregation of Nafion molecules. Finally, the mechanical properties and the proton conductivities of the cast film of Nafion from SE5112 and the DMF solution were investigated. The proton conductivity is almost the same in both films, while the mechanical properties of the film made from the DMF solution are much better than those of the film from SE5112. This can be understood as a result of the weaker segregation of crystalline and amorphous regions in the former film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalNihon Reoroji Gakkaishi
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2006
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics

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