The human multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene is an SOS gene that responds to environmental stress including various anticancer agents. The chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene was linked to various lengths of MDR1 promoter, and these constructs were integrated into the genome of human cancer KB cells. Using these cell lines, we previously demonstrated that various environmental stimuli lead to an increased abundance of both CAT enzymatic activity and CAT mRNA in a sequence dependent manner. We examined the molecular mechanism of this stress response using actinomycin D, a potent RNA synthesis inhibitor. We found that CAT activity was significantly increased more than 10 fold by actinomycin D itself without comparable elevation of CAT mRNA. CAT induction was, however, lost in the presence of a deletion from position -136 to -76. Gel mobility shift assays showed that the specific DNA binding activity of the transacting protein, MDR-NF1/YB-1, which binds to the inverted CCAAT box, was augmented in nuclear extracts from the cells treated with actinomycin D. We also found that actinomycin D increased the steady state levels of MDR-NF1/YB-1 mRNA, which encodes the inverted CCAAT box binding protein. These results indicate that MDR-NF1/YB-1 mediates the response of the MDR1 gene to environmental stress.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 30 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology