Involvement of both tumor necrosis factor-α-induced necrosis and p53-mediated caspase-dependent apoptosis in nephrotoxicity of cisplatin

Takahisa Yano, Yoshinori Itoh, Misaki Matsuo, Takehiro Kawashiri, Nobuaki Egashira, Ryozo Oishi

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported that necrosis occurs predominantly in porcine renal tubular LLC-PK1 cells, when the cells were exposed transiently to a high concentration of cisplatin. Moreover, we demonstrated that generation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) through phosphorylation of p38 MAPK are implicated in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced renal cell injury. However, some TUNEL-positive cells appeared in renal proximal tubules of rats after systemic injection of cisplatin, suggesting an involvement of apoptosis. In the present study, we found in LLC-PK1 cells that both apoptosis and necrosis were elicited when the cells were exposed to 200 μM cisplatin for 1 h followed by incubation for 24 h in the presence of 20 μM cisplatin. The cisplatin-induced necrosis was largely attenuated by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, while apoptosis was prevented by the specific inhibitors for caspases-2, -8, and -3 and a p53 inhibitor pifithrin-α but not by the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580. On the other hand, SB203580 attenuated the cisplatin-induced increase in TNF-α production. These findings suggest that p53-mediated activations of caspases-2, -8 and -3 play a key role in cisplatin-induced renal cell apoptosis, while oxidative stress-induced TNF-α synthesis via p38 MAPK phosphorylation contributed to the necrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1901-1909
Number of pages9
JournalApoptosis
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Cancer Research

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