Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is recognized as an anorexic peptide in the brain of chicks. However, the mechanism underlying the inhibition of feeding has not been well studied. It is reported that GLP-1 activates neurons containing corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) in the brain of mammals. Since CRF is also an anorexic peptide, it is possible that the anorexic effect of GLP-1 is mediated by CRF in chicks. The present study was carried out to test this. First, we determined plasma corticosterone (CORT) concentrations after intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of GLP-1 and found that this treatment increased CORT release in layer chicks. The CORT-releasing effect was partly attenuated by co-injection of astressin, a CRF receptor antagonist, demonstrating that GLP-1 stimulated CORT secretion by activation of CRF neurons. CRF neurons also appear to be involved in mediating the inhibition of food intake by GLP-1 because this effect was also partly attenuated by astressin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the anorexic effect of GLP-1 was weaker in broiler than layer chicks. The present results suggest that the anorexic effect of GLP-1 might be mediated by CRF neurons in the chick brain and that the sensitivity of the inhibitory response to GLP-1 differs between chick strains.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology