Involvement of reduced acetylcholine release in Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol-induced impairment of spatial memory in the 8-arm radial maze

Kenichi Mishima, Nobuaki Egashira, Yoshiaki Matsumoto, Katsunori Iwasaki, Michihiro Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

To clarify the mechanism by which Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol, a major psychoactive component of marijuana, impairs spatial memory in the 8-arm radial maze in rats via the cholinergic system, we used two acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, physostigmine and tetrahydroaminoacridine. Moreover, we examined the effect of Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol on acetylcholine release in the frontal cortex and dorsal and ventral hippocampus using in vivo microdialysis. Physostigmine (0.01-0.05 mg/kg, i.p.) and tetrahydroaminoacridine (1-5 mg/kg, p.o.) improved the impairment of spatial memory induced by Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (6 mg/kg, i.p.) in the 8-arm radial maze. Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (6 mg/kg, i.p.) produced a significant decrease in acetylcholine release in the dorsal hippocampus as assessed by microdialysis. Moreover, tetrahydroaminoacridine at a dose of 1 mg/kg, which improved the impairment of spatial memory, reversed the decrease in acetylcholine release induced by Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol in the dorsal hippocampus during 60-120 min after the Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol injection. These findings suggest that inhibition of the cholinergic pathway by reduced acetylcholine release is one of the means by which Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol impairs spatial memory in the 8-arm radial maze.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-407
Number of pages11
JournalLife Sciences
Volume72
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Dronabinol
Acetylcholine
Data storage equipment
Tacrine
Hippocampus
Physostigmine
Microdialysis
Cholinergic Agents
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Frontal Lobe
Cannabis
Spatial Memory
Rats
Injections

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Involvement of reduced acetylcholine release in Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol-induced impairment of spatial memory in the 8-arm radial maze . / Mishima, Kenichi; Egashira, Nobuaki; Matsumoto, Yoshiaki; Iwasaki, Katsunori; Fujiwara, Michihiro.

In: Life Sciences, Vol. 72, No. 4-5, 20.12.2002, p. 397-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mishima, Kenichi ; Egashira, Nobuaki ; Matsumoto, Yoshiaki ; Iwasaki, Katsunori ; Fujiwara, Michihiro. / Involvement of reduced acetylcholine release in Δ 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol-induced impairment of spatial memory in the 8-arm radial maze In: Life Sciences. 2002 ; Vol. 72, No. 4-5. pp. 397-407.
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