Involvement of Rho-kinase and tyrosine kinase in hypotonic stress-induced ATP release in bovine aortic endothelial cells

T. Koyama, Masahiro Oike, Y. Ito

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Abstract

1. Hypotonic stress induces ATP release followed by Ca2+ oscillations in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). We have investigated the cellular mechanism of the hypotonic stress-induced ATP release. 2. Hypotonic stress induced tyrosine phosphorylation of at least two proteins, of 110 and 150 kDa. Inhibition of tyrosine kinase by the tyrosine kinase inhibitors herbimycin A and tyrphostin 46 prevented ATP release and ATP-mediated Ca2+ oscillations induced by hypotonic stress. 3. ATP release was also inhibited by the pretreatment of the cells with botulinum toxin C3, and augmented by lysophosphatidic acid. Furthermore, pre-treating the cells with Y-27632, a selective inhibitor of Rho-kinase, also suppressed the hypotonic stress-induced ATP release and Ca2+ oscillations, indicating that Rho-mediated activation of Rho-kinase may be involved in the hypotonic ATP release. 4. Hypotonic stress also induced a transient rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton, which was suppressed by the tyrosine kinase inhibitors Y-27632 and cytochalasin B. However, pretreatment of the cell with cytochalasin B inhibited neither the hypotonic stress-induced ATP release nor the Ca2+ oscillations. 5. These results indicate that tyrosine kinase and the Rho-Rho-kinase pathways are involved in hypotonic stress-induced ATP release and actin rearrangement, but actin polymerization is not required for ATP release in BAECs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-769
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume532
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2001

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rho-Associated Kinases
Osmotic Pressure
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Endothelial Cells
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cytochalasin B
Botulinum Toxins
Actin Cytoskeleton
Polymerization
Tyrosine
Actins
Phosphorylation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

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Involvement of Rho-kinase and tyrosine kinase in hypotonic stress-induced ATP release in bovine aortic endothelial cells. / Koyama, T.; Oike, Masahiro; Ito, Y.

In: Journal of Physiology, Vol. 532, No. 3, 01.05.2001, p. 759-769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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